Home Drake Well Foundation About OilHistory.com The Author Contact
Gathering Oil
Pre-Columbian Mining


Cadzow, D.A., 1935, Report on archaeological explorations in western Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.

Curtis, S.A., 1971, The cultural ecology of early Late Woodland, Venango County, Pennsylvania, Unpublished M.A. Thesis, Dept. of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa., 251 p.

Dickey, P.A., 1941, Oil geology of the Titusville quadrangle, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Topographic and Geologic Survey, Mineral Resource Report 22, 87 p. plus maps.

Giddens, P.H., 1938, The birth of the oil industry, The MacMillan Company, New York, 216 p.

Pees, S.T., 1983, Early oil and gas exploration to 1879 in Western Crawford County, Pennsylvania, Journal of the History of the Earth Sciences Society, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 103-121

Pees, S.T., 1989, Ed., History of the petroleum industry symposium, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Guidebook, 84 p.

Reynolds, J.E., 1938, In French Creek Valley, Tribune Publishing Company, Meadville, Pa., 352 p.

Thomas, J.E., et al, 1998, Documentary and archaeological evidence of prehistoric and protohistoric petroleum production in Pennsylvania. Mercyhurst Archaeological Institute, Erie, Pa., 26 p.

Thomas, J.E., et al, 1998, Radiocarbon evidence for prehistoric petroleum utilization in Pennsylvania. Mercyhurst Archaeological Institute, Erie, Pa., 8 p.

Titusville Herald, 1971, Nov. 11, Blankets? Baloney! Earliest oil men birds of a feather, on p. 3.

Titusville Herald, 1996, Jan. 20, Region reels from flood's fury, on front page.


© 2004, Samuel T. Pees
all rights reserved